What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) In animals, rabies is diagnosed by looking for the virus in brain tissue using the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. Within days, symptoms that are more specific to brain dysfunction appear and may include weakness, difficulty walking, paralysis, seizures, difficulty swallowing/excessive salivation, abnormal behavior and aggression. In Michigan, rabies most commonly occurs in bats, therefore, prevent bats from entering living quarters or occupied spaces in homes, churches, schools, or other similar settings where they might come in contact with people and pets. The Rabies Exposure Assessment Tree can be used as a guide for suspected rabies exposure in dogs, cats and ferrets. All animals must be on leashes or in carriers. ... call your local law enforcement agency then notify the Health Division at 248-858-1286. Contact such as petting or handling an animal, or contact with other body fluids such as blood, urine or feces is not a risk for rabies exposure. %���� Video: What happens when a human gets rabies? Although the cost varies, a course of rabies immune globulin and four doses of vaccine given over a two-week period typically exceeds $3,000. Since 1995 in the United States, more than 7,000 animals per year--most of them wild--have been diagnosed as having the Many cats are also immunized against feline leukemia virus. The likelihood of rabies in a domestic animal varies by region; hence, the need for postexposure prophylaxis also varies. The first symptoms of rabies in animals are not specific to rabies and may include fever, lethargy, vomiting and lack of appetite. Ifanimal is NOT available, must proceed as if positive Information was gathered by Kris Christine, Co-Founder of the Rabies Challenge Fund Charitable Trust Every US state has a 3-year revaccination protocol after the second vaccine is given -- BUT a few county and city laws may differ. •Euthanize and test dog/cat/ferret/livestock for rabies if it becomes ill, with signs suggestive of rabies, or dies during quarantine period. How is rabies prevented once a person has been potentially exposed? Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. For example, anyone bringing a dog or cat into Ohio must show proof of rabies vaccinations. Dogs and cats also need to have their DHPP and FVRCP vaccines, respectively. 1. Typically death occurs within days after the onset of these symptoms. It is illegal to keep wild animals as pets, and wild animals may not be kept except by persons who possess Wildlife Rehabilitation permits. Rabies vaccine is also recommended for all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public should be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. stream The majority of reported cases occur in wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes. The Michigan Humane Protect-A-Pet clinics offer low-cost, age-appropriate vaccinations against Distemper, Parvovirus, Rabies and other deadly diseases as well as low-cost microchipping for dogs and cats of pet owners. 2 New Rabies Cases Confirmed In Michigan ... and stray cats and dogs to protect against rabies. •Within 96 hours of exposure: Rabies vaccine booster, and strict quarantine for 4 months for dogs and cats, 6 months for ferrets and livestock. Rabies vaccine clinic Allegan County Animal Shelter is hosting a low-cost rabies vaccine and microchip clinic from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday, May 22, for dogs and cats. It is important to quickly and accurately identify rabies in animals that may have exposed a person or a pet, in order to provide for the timely administration of post-exposure treatment. Because brain tissue is required for this test, it can only be performed on animals that have died or been humanely killed. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. In people, the symptoms initially include fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. If your pet is bitten by a wild animal, seek veterinary assistance immediately. Rabies is a viral disease typically found in wild animals—most commonly raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes. The State of Michigan has put in place a Protocol for the tracking and prevention of Rabies. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… – The Michigan Department of Agriculture’s (MDA) State Veterinarian Dr. Steven Halstead today urged Michigan citizens to be pro-active and have their pets and livestock vaccinated against rabies and other diseases after confirmation that a horse in Lapeer County tested positive for rabies. The Oakland County Health Department confirmed that a cat in Birmingham was diagnosed with the rabies … [3] Livestock: Consideration should be … Any penetration of the skin by teeth is a bite exposure. Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. Animal bites should be reported to the local health department. Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system. How is rabies diagnosed in an animal or a person? Though state law keeps dog owners on a relatively short leash, most Michigan cat owners have few legal obligations that they are required to meet. Treatment at this stage is typically supportive. <> And the risk of rabies is real if you were bitten by a feral cat, stray dog, or a wild animal. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Bureau of Laboratories is the only laboratory in Michigan that can test animals for rabies. the Michigan Compiled Laws as amended,), and Act 368 of the Public Acts of 1978, being Section 333.1101333.25211 of the Michigan Compiled La- ws, and Act 207 of the Public Acts of 1970, as amended, being 287.291 of the Michigan Compiled Laws- , constitute State Law for the regulation for dogs. And, if a dog bites someone and is quarantined, Ohio law requires that it must be currently vaccinated against rabies before being released. The early symptoms of rabies in people are not specific to rabies and may include fever, headache, general weakness, and discomfort that may include prickling or an itching sensation at the site of a bite. BIRMINGHAM, MI - Oakland County health officials are urging pet owners to make sure their cats and dogs have up-to-date rabies vaccinations after a … FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Available when owners show proof of a previous rabies vaccination. Rabies is spread when the virus is introduced into a bite wound, open cuts in skin, or onto mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose, or mouth. Rather, standard guidelines recommend giving the pet a rabies vaccine (booster) and having the animal observed by their owner for a period of 45 days. Under Indiana law, all dogs, cats and ferrets older than 3 months of age must be vaccinated against the rabies virus. Rabies vaccination is required by law in most states and provinces. Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. endobj (Read more). Is Rabies Vaccine 100 effective for dogs? Without prophylactic measures, the infection will result in death within days of onset. This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. Have owner observe for 45 days Test bat or other wild animal. … Testing of human samples must be coordinated through the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, and must be approved by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where the specialized testing is performed. The usual approach is to test the kitten for feline leukemia at the time of initial vaccination to ensure the cat is not harboring the virus. No person in the United States has ever contracted rabies from … Rabies 1 year - $10. Rabies Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is highly effective in preventing rabies in people possibly exposed to a rabid animal, if administered before symptoms develop. Dogs and cats in Michigan are required by law to have their rabies vaccinations. Samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and skin are necessary. Many wild and exotic species make poor pets. Rabies: vaccinations are recommended for cats 4 months or older. Rabies is a highly contagious viral disease that is virtually always fatal in pets, and highly lethal among humans. endobj Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. 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